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Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

The Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies section of the NCLEX-RN assesses a nurse’s ability to Administer medication and measure patient vital signs. Below is a list of terms and concepts that are covered on the exam.

Adverse Effects/Contraindications and Side

  • adverse effects of medications and parenteral therapy
  • allergic reactions to medications


Blood and Blood Products

  • prescription for administration
  • correct type
  • correct client
  • cross matching complet
  • correct gauge needle
  • integrity of access site
  • consent obtained

Central Venous Access Devices

  • peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)
  • implanted venous access devices
  • central venous access device

Dosage Calculation

Expected Effects/Outcomes

  • review formulary
  • consult pharmacist; oral
  • intradermal, subcutaneous
  • IM
  • topical outcomes
  • prescription
  • over-the-counter
  • home remedies

Medication Administration

  • six “rights” – (right drug, right dose, right client, right time, right route, right documentation)
  • vital signs
  • lab results
  • allergies,intravenous
  • intramuscular
  • subcutaneous
  • potential interactions
  • intravenous
  • intramuscular
  • subcutaneous
  • assessment of physiologic parameters

Parenteral/Intravenous Therapies

  • peripheral intravenous line
  • IV
  • patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) device
  • intermittent parenteral fluid therapy

Pharmacological Agents/Actions

  • pathophysiology

Pharmacological Interactions

  • oral
  • IV
  • subcutaneous
  • IM
  • topical prescriptions

Pharmacological Pain Management

  • PRN pain medication

Total Parenteral Nutrition

Return to the main NCLEX Study Guide page

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