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Reduction of Risk Potential

The Reduction of Risk Potential section of the NCLEX-RN assesses a nurse’s ability to lessen the possibility of post-procedure complications and/or infections. Below is a list of terms and concepts that are covered in the exam.


Diagnostic Tests

  • oxygen saturation
  • glucose monitoring
  • testing for occult blood
  • gastric pH
  • urine specific gravity
  • electrocardiogram test
  • fetal heart monitoring
  • nonstress test
  • amniocentesis
  • ultrasound
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Laboratory Values for

  • ABGs (pH, PO2, PCO2, SaO2, HCO3)
  • BUN
  • cholesterol (total) glucose
  • hematocrit
  • hemoglobin
  • hemoglobin A1C (HBA1C)
  • platelets
  • potassium
  • RBC
  • sodium
  • urine specific gravity and WBC

Monitoring Conscious Sedation

  • client physiologic response

Potential for Alterations in Body Systems

  • feeding tube
  • sedation
  • swallowing difficulties
  • immobility
  • nutritional status
  • incontinence
  • immobilized limb
  • post surgery, diabetes
  • nasogastric (NG) tube
  • emesis
  • contractures
  • foot care for client with diabetes mellitus

Potential for Complications of Diagnostic Tests/Treatments/Procedures

  • psychomotor skills
  • dysrhythmia following cardiac catheterization
  • oral/nasogastric tube
  • decompression
  • chest tubes
  • hemorrhage
  • embolus
  • shock
  • fluid restriction
  • sodium restriction
  • raise side rails
  • suicide precautions
  • monitor airway
  • foot drop
  • numbness
  • tingling

Potential for Complications from Surgical Procedures and Health Alterations

  • signs of thrombocytopenia
  • bleeding gums
  • bruising
  • preventing aspiration
  • promoting venous return
  • promoting mobility

System Specific Assessment

  • level of consciousness
  • muscle strength
  • mobility
  • peripheral edema
  • hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia
  • sensory impairment
  • potential for falls
  • level of mobility
  • skin integrity

Therapeutic Procedures

  • log-rolling
  • abduction pillow
  • chest tube
  • drainage tubes
  • wound drainage devices
  • continuous bladder irrigation
  • preoperative care
  • intraoperative care,positioning
  • maintain sterile field
  • operative assessment

Vital Signs

  • hypertension
  • bradycardia
  • tachypnea
  • fever
  • pulmonary artery pressure
  • intracranial pressure

Return to the main NCLEX Study Guide page


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