Job Profile: Registered Nurse
January 29, 2012
• Perianesthesia nurses provide preoperative and postoperative care to patients undergoing anesthesia during surgery.
• Perioperative nurses assist surgeons by selecting and handling instruments, controlling bleeding and suturing incisions. Some of these nurses also can specialize in plastic and reconstructive surgery.
• Psychiatric nurses treat patients with personality and mood disorders.
Hospice Nurses Need a BSN
• Radiologic nurses provide care to patients undergoing diagnostic radiation procedures such as ultrasounds and magnetic resonance imaging.
• Rehabilitation nurses care for patients with temporary and permanent disabilities.
• Transplant nurses care for both transplant recipients and living donors and monitor signs of organ rejection.
RN Specialties by Disease, Ailment or Condition
RNs specializing in a particular disease, ailment or condition are employed in virtually all work settings, including physicians’ offices, outpatient treatment facilities, home healthcare agencies and hospitals.
• For instance, addictions nurses treat patients seeking help with alcohol, drug and tobacco addictions.
• Developmental disabilities nurses provide care for patients with physical, mental or behavioral disabilities; care may include help with feeding, controlling bodily functions, and sitting or standing independently.
• Diabetes management nurses help diabetics to manage their disease by teaching them proper nutrition and showing them how to test blood sugar levels and administer insulin injections.
• Genetics nurses provide early detection screenings and treatment of patients with genetic disorders, including cystic fibrosis and Huntington’s disease.
• HIV/AIDS nurses care for patients diagnosed with HIV and AIDS.
• Oncology nurses care for patients with various types of cancer and may administer radiation and chemotherapies.
• Finally, wound, ostomy and continence nurses treat patients with wounds caused by traumatic injury, ulcers or arterial disease; provide postoperative care for patients with openings that allow for alternative methods of bodily waste elimination; and treat patients with urinary and fecal incontinence.