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Do Nurses Use Dosage and Calculations On the Job?
March 18, 2013
Nursing school is an adventure, and there are so many things that you will learn along the way. You will use some of it often, and some not-so-often. Just like in high school, we learned many equations and information that we may NEVER use in the real world, yet we still had to learn it, and so the same goes for nursing school.
But even though there are a few things you may learn in nursing school that may not be used often, there are some things that I do feel are very necessary, and you’d be surprised that you do actually use it on the job. One is care plans. Yes, as a nurse, you will use care plans in many specialties, so it is a great idea to pay attention and do your dreaded care plans in nursing school.
But what about the dreaded dosage and calculations in nursing school? We recently received an excellent question about this very topic:
I have been an LPN for 3 years now, and I have yet to use any type of dosage calculation. Now that I am articulating into the RN program I have to take a dosage calculation test.
I asked the RN’s at the facility where I work do they use it and they told me no. I also have a friend who works at the hospital. She also states that in her 12 years of nursing. she has yet to calculate any dosages.
The IV pumps do it for you when you put in the information. If a nurse has to give an IV push, the pharmacy sends it up in the dose ordered. So what is the purpose of learning something that is not used. The pharmacy does the calculations.
Why Do Nursing Students Have to Learn Dosages and Calculations?
Thank you so much for the great question, and congrats on entering an RN program.
You know, it wasn’t so long ago that I was sitting in nursing school asking myself the exact same question. I can still feel the knots in my stomach as our class was told that unless we score a certain score on our dosages and calculations test, we would fail the class. Eek! I even remember that on the first test, I didn’t do quite as well as I’d hoped.
Thankfully, this fear and anxiety caused me to buckle down on my studies, and after a while, I got the hang of it and ended up doing very well in the class. And quite frankly, math has never been my strong area in school.
Nevertheless, I can totally relate with you regarding your feeling as if learning dosages and calculations being a waste of time. In truth, there are many things that we learn in school that are, for the most part, unnecessary or a complete waste of time.
But what I am about to say may just surprise you: Nurses do use dosages and calculations on the job. At least, I know I do.
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Do Nurses Use Dosages and Calculations on the Job? Surprisingly, Yes!
I do use dosages and calculations often on the job, and many other nurses I work with do as well. In fact, I’ll give you 3 situations of when dosages and calculations skills are used on the job. As a brief side note, you’ll also have to churn this out on the NCLEX exam too, so you really do need to learn this stuff.
Situation 1: Double Checking Pharmacy: First, let me address the pharmacy part of your statement. It is true that the pharmacy will often arrange the dosages for you. But what is also true is that sometimes they get it wrong! This has happened to me a few times, and because I double-checked, I was able to correct a situation that could have been very bad.
As a nurse administering medication, you are ultimately responsible for what you give. That means if the pharmacy gave you the wrong dose, they may be liable, but because you actually gave it, you too could be held liable (perhaps even more than the pharmacy).
Nearly every medication I give, I am constantly calculating dosages and verifying orders to make sure it is correct. I often do this in my head, but sometimes I will actually use a sheet of paper to quickly calculate. So yes, the pharmacy will often do this for you (depending on where you work), but it is not 100% perfect, and as a nurse you should be double-checking each and every time.
Situation 2: IV Pumps: Now let’s talk a moment about IV Pumps. As a nurse, you don’t always depend on the pharmacy to do the pumps either, and you must make sure the pumps are accurate, because just like the pharmacy situation above, they are not always right.
Many times what will happen is that the pumps are pre-programmed, but you will receive a different concentration. This is a common problem right now because of the drug shortage, and medicines are being received in different concentrations than in the past. In this case, you will have to manually override the pumps.
You must know how to do it and double check. Again, this is something I’ve personally had to learn to do on the job, and it is something nurses should take seriously.
Like the pharmacy issues that can arise, sometimes mistakes and miscalculations happen, and again, as a nurse you are ultimately responsible.
Situation 3: In Emergency Situations (or Some Specialties), You Need to Know On the Spot: In emergency situations, you will often need to bypass pharmacy completely. I currently work in a stress lab, and I sometimes have to get medication without any pharmacy check. I just pull it and give it (standard procedure on my floor), and there is no time for pharmacy check off. Therefore, it is critical that I know the proper dosages to administer.
In addition, doctors will often give orders immediately (especially in frantic situations), and as a nurse looking at a vial with meds, you need to know how much of that medication to give them. Are you going to give them half of the vial? Or 3/4 of the vial? Again, this is a scenario I deal with daily and I will often get out a sheet of paper and quickly calculate, or just use my head if I am familiar with that particular dosage/medication.
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The Good News About Dosages and Calculations in Nursing School
Judging by your question, I get the sense that you are probably one of many nursing students who aren’t too crazy about dosages and calculations. In fact, you may even hate it. So let me try to encourage you to embrace it, and to put a positive spin on it. Here are 3 reasons why you shouldn’t stress too much about dosages and calculations:
1. You’ll Get the Hang of It. I know it is hard to imagine right now, but looking back in a few years, you’ll probably know this like the back of your hand. While dosages and calculations is very hard to grasp at first, once you learn it, it is really easy. In reality, it is not really hard math. Most of it is addition, subtraction, multiplication, division. The hard part is knowing how to arrange it so that you can work it out. Once you get the hang of it (and trust me, you will), you will be just fine. You won’t even need to practice it once you do it long enough, and it will become completely routine—perhaps as routine as driving a car. You’ll just know how to do it.
Trust me. You’ll get it. Hang in there.
2. Some Areas of Nursing May Not Rely On It As Heavily. You mentioned that you asked some nurses and they said they never did it. Well, it may be true that some areas of nursing won’t use it as often as others. But it is indeed used by me in a stress lab quite often, and many people I work with use it often as well. And it isn’t always just “double-checking” either. Sometimes I literally have to use this to find out how much medicine to administer. I could also see it being used in such areas as the intensive care unit, or in pediatrics and other similar areas quite often as well.
And I’d go as far as to say that anytime a nurse has to administer any meds, they’d do well to double-check and know this skill, because they are ultimately responsible. We are all humans. I make mistakes, doctors make mistakes, pharmacy people make mistakes, etc. Double-checking can save lives and lawsuits.
3. Your Specialty Will Make It Easier. When you work in a certain area, you’ll quickly find that in most cases, you’ll use the same medications over and over. Because of this, you’ll learn the common dosages you’ll encounter, and also the quirks of the medications you administer. This will make everything SO MUCH easier on you as a nurse. It isn’t like you have to be an expert on every medication out there, and a math whiz. You’ll be able to “specialize” in your area, and you will do the same thing day after day. You’ll get to know the medications and dosages you work with on a daily bases VERY WELL, and it will become very simple over time.
Don’t get the idea that I’m some kind of math whiz, because I’m not. In fact, my husband manages all of the finances in our house, and he always laughs at me when I attempt to dabble in them. He won’t even let me touch them, and with good reason =).
I am far from any kind of mathematical genius. If someone like me can learn dosages and calculations, and actually do it on the job (many times in my head), then you can definitely learn it over time. It is hard at first, but you’ll get the hang of it.
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What to Do If Your Struggling Learning Dosages and Calculations?
If you absolutely hate this stuff, and you find that you’re struggling, here are a few tips that helped me:
Get a study guide with practice problems. Seriously, I always recommend study guides because I used them extensively in nursing school. I practiced HESI and NCLEX questions over and over, and got study guides for any class I found difficult. Many times you can find them for low prices on sites like Amazon too. I highly recommend you get a good study guide on the topic, and practice at least 1-2 hours each day. After a few days, you’ll be surprised that you get better and better. Also, I wrote an article a while back about dosages and calculations problems. You may want to check that out.
Form a Study Group. Get together with a few nursing students and practice and teach each other in a study group. This is a great way to learn, because your friends may be able to give examples and illustrations that make sense to you, and help you learn it faster.
Talk to Your Professor. If you are still struggling, you may want to schedule a time to talk it over with your professor. They may be able to point you in the right direction, offer some good resources, or show you where you keep making mistakes in your calculations.
In conclusion, I can totally sympathize with you on this subject. It is difficult for many nursing students at first, and nursing students often hate this class. However, as much as I hate to admit it, I do use this on the job. It really is pretty important that you learn it. Not only is it useful in double-checking pharmacy and IV pumps, but it is also necessary when you have to pull meds on the spot, or in emergency situations. And like I said above, you’ll need it to pass NCLEX too.
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Dosage Calculation Problems for Nurses in Nursing School & Some Practice Problems | What Every Nursing Student Should Know!
Dosage Calculations for Nurses: If you are a nursing student or a soon-to-be nursing student you will be required to learn how to do dosage & calculation problems for nurses. Dosage and calculation problems are solved in order to figure out how much medication you need to give your patient. You will see these problems on NCLEX-RN & HESI (the exams for the Registered Nurse). Dosage & Calculation problems are used to solve many things. For example, you use dosage and calculation problems to calculate how many ml (milliliters) you need to draw up in a syringe to give in a IV line or how to set your flow rate for an IV pump.
Because being a nurse requires you to give medications to patients you must know how to calculated these problems. If you need additional help, there are some great books you can buy online to help you with your Dosage and Calculations problems. One book I recommed is called: “Dosage Calculations Made Incredibly Easy!”. It is a great book…..it reminds me of one of those “computers for dummies” books lol.
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Dosage Calculations Made Incredibly Easy!
Now to solving Dosage and Calculation problems: Before you even start doing any dosage & calculation problems you have to memorize the following equivalents. It took me a couple of days to get it memorized. To help you memorize, I suggest writing each equivalent over and over, so when you go and take your test you can simply hurry up and copy the table on your paper from memory so you can refer to it while you are taking your test. I found this has always been helpful for me. Here are the following equivalents that you must engrave in your brain:
1 milliliter (mL)=1 cubic centimeter (cc)
1 teaspoon (tsp)= 5 milliliters (mL)
1000 milliliters (mL)= 1 Liter (L)
3 teaspoon (tsp)= 1 tablespoon (Tbsp)
1000 micrograms (mcg)= 1 milligram (mg)
2 tablespoons (Tbsp)= 1 ounce (oz)
1000 Grams (G)= 1 Kilogram (Kg)
30 milliliters (mL)= 1 ounce (oz)
1000 milligrams (mg)= 1 Gram (G)
2.2 pounds (lb)= 1 Kilogram (Kg)
Note: mL and cc (said like this: cc’s) are exactly the same thing. I got really confused on this when finally one of my teachers told us mL and cc are the same thing and the whole class was like “oh really”. The reason I got confused was because I would hear a nurse say draw up 8 cc of that and I would be like “what?” it says mL on the syringe….so just to let you know mL and cc are the same thing LOL.
Once you memorize those equivalents you are set. I really haven’t found a trick to remembering them like a mnemonic. I suggest just memorizing them because eventually they start to click. Now to start solving some problems. I am going to work out some problems and explain step-by-step how to do them.
At my college, they have us solve our dosage and calculation problems using a formula called Dimensional Analysis…some colleges follow different ways but I think this is the easiest method. When working Dimensional Analysis there are two very important things to remember:
Begin with the unit of measurement you are solving for. This unit of measurement should always be in the numerator (top number) of the first box of the equation.
You must be able to cross the units out as you move diagonally from the denominator (bottom number) in one box to the numerator in the next box. This problem is complete when you have crossed out all other units of measurement leaving only the units of measurement you are trying to find out.
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With that said here we go:
Solve: 5 Tbsp =oz
Remember start out with the unit of measurement you are solving for which is oz in this case. Then think “how many oz are in a Tbsp”? From you memorized equivalents you will know that there are 2 Tbsp in 1 oz. So on paper you will have something that looks like this:
Now you need to find out how many oz are in 5 Tbsp. Remember the second rule listed above. You have to be able to diagonally cross out the denominator and numerator. So you problem will look like this:
1 ozX5 Tbsp = 5 oz=2.5 oz
Solve: 3 tsp= mL
Remember start out with the unit of measurement you are solving for which is mL in this case. Then think “how many mL are in a tsp”? From you memorized equivalents you will know that there are 5 mL in 1 tsp. So on paper you will have something that looks like this:
Now you need to find out how many mL are in 3 tsp. Remember the second rule listed above. You have to be able to diagonally cross out the denominator and numerator. So you problem will look like this:
5 mLX3 tsp =15 mL
Solve: 2 G= mcg
Remember start out with the unit of measurement you are solving for which is mcg in this case. Then think “how many mcg are in a G”? According to the equivalent chart there isn’t a part for how many mcg are in a gram….right?! BUT there is an equivalent for how many mcg are in a mg….correct?! So with this problem you will be adding another step. From you memorized equivalents you will know that there are 1000 mcg in 1 mg. So on paper you will have something that looks like this:
We are solving for Grams so we must get our problem where it includes grams. So now repeat step two of this problem. Ask yourself “how many mg are in one Gram?” According to our equivalents, there are 1000 mg in a gram. So you problem will look like this:
1000 mcgX1000 mg
1 mg 1G
Now you need to find out how many mcg are in 2 G. Remember the second rule listed above. You have to be able to diagonally cross out the denominator and numerator. So you problem will look like this:
1000 mcgX1000 mg X2 G=2,000,000 mcg
1 mg 1G1
Here are some practice problems for you to solve on your own….below includes the answers.
5 mg= mcg
I remember learning these things and I wasn’t very good at them. I wasn’t use to the method of solving them and also math has NEVER been my thing. I figured that picking nursing as my career I wouldn’t have to worry about any math but I was wrong. I promise that although this may look daunting & confusing at first it will eventually click. You have to practice them over and over until you get it. I practiced this problems over and over until I was blue in the face and FINALLY I got it. Now dosage and calculation problems are actually my strength! I suggest buying a book to help you with solving dosage and calculation problems for nurses.
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Should Nurses Know How to Convert Grams to Grains?
So many times nursing students get frustrated when it comes to learning how to do the conversions. At first, I was so overwhelmed and I had a hard time learning.
However, after lots of practice I eventually became very comfortable doing conversions, and from that point on I never struggled with them again. I had a great question regarding conversions:
Hi Sarah. I love your site and your explanation on conversions is fantastic!I was wondering if it’s also important to learn how to convert to grams and grains? Also, if you could tell me what to expect for my first semester and what can I do to help prepare me for that. Thanks a lot.
Thanks so much for the kind words and the great question Tabatha! I will try to cover all of your questions the best I can.
Should Nurses Learn How to Convert Grams and Grains?
I am glad that you enjoyed the conversions page that I placed up. As I said before, I did have trouble at first learning the conversion formulas, and I was really stressed out when the test came.
However, after lots of practice I did eventually learn how to do the conversions. For those who may be interested in practicing those conversion problems, you can find the dosage and calculation conversions page.
As far as your question regarding the grams to grains conversions, no I was not required to learn that specific conversion, and it wasn’t stressed at all on the tests. In fact, I didn’t really bother with studying it much at all.
However, your school curriculum may be different and they may possibly choose to include those with your dosage and calculations problems. If that is the case, then I do recommend learning them. It may help if you can ask some of your fellow nursing students =-).
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Grams To Grains Conversion
How many grains in a gram ?
Grams to grains (g to gr) weight conversion table shows the most common values for the quick reference. Alternatively, you may use the converter below to convert any other values.
1 Gram = 15.4323584 Grains
1 Grain = 0.06479891 Gram
Gram (gramme) is a metric system unit of mass. It is one thousandth (1/1000) of the metric system base unit, kilogram. It is a very commonly used unit of mass in daily life. The abbreviation is "g".
Grain is a unit of mass and based on the average mass of a seed of a cereal, wheat, barley, etc. 1 pound equals to 7000 grains. It is also used to measure the hardness of water and the mass of gunpowder. The abbreviation is "gr".
Enter a value that you want to convert into grains and click on the "convert" button.
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Pass Nursing Pharmacology in Nursing School | What is Pharmacology?
Nursing students can find pharmacology a difficult nursing class to pass in nursing school. Advancements in technology have created an increase in marketing and discovering of medical and non-medical drugs. For this reason, nursing students and nurses must be trained to meet the changing challenges these discoveries create. When any type of drug enters the bodies of human beings, they become the focus of the area of pharmacology. Nurses must know the side effects of various drugs, and how these drugs interact in the body of humans.
What is Pharmacology?
Pharmacology is the study of drugs interactions and actions within a living system. When any type of drug enters that body, the living organism becomes the study of pharmacology. Pharmacology studies drugs that alter the living organism’s ability to function. These drugs can encompass medicinal or non-medicinal drugs.
How Nurses Use Pharmacology on the Job
Nurses use pharmacology on the job to treat their patients and carry out the requests of the patient’s physician. Nurses also use pharmacology to administer drug dosages that the doctor prescribes. Hospitals and clinics prefer nurses who have received training in pharmacology because they receive additional training in drugs and dosing. For example, if nurse administers the wrong dosage of medication to their patients, they could be putting the patients’ lives in danger. Nurses must have a solid understanding of drugs to perform their jobs effectively.
Nurses also use pharmacology to determine the effects of certain drugs of their patients. Many drugs can counteract with one another if prescribed to the patient to take together. Nursing students must study all information related to these drugs to determine their effects on patients. Additionally, nurses must know the effects of medicinal drugs with non-medicinal drugs to determine their effects on patients who may be using non-medicinal drugs but require the prescribed drugs for medicinal purposes.
Nurse must know the drug’s toxicology to decide upon its use for therapy and medicine for each of their patients. They must also have a clear understanding of how all drugs affect the body’s biological functioning.
How to Pass Pharmacology-Great Study Guide
As with most difficult nursing classes, it is a good idea to use a study guide to help you study. Pharmacology textbooks are packed with so much information that it is difficult to decide on what material you will be tested on. Study guide books help show you the material that is most important and what type of information you can expect to be tested on.
A great study guide with practice questions for nursing students who are taking pharmacology is a book by Mary Ann Hogan called “Prentice Hall Reviews & Rationales: Pharmacology“. Here is what it looks like:
Tips on How to Study for Pharmacology in Nursing School
Studying for pharmacology can be extremely difficult due to the overwhelming amount of information to memorize such as drug side effects, target lab values, drug interactions and more. Although the task is difficult, nursing students can follow a few easy steps to help them pass the course.
Use acronyms to study
Acronyms can help nursing students remember the names of drugs. To memorize common drugs, students may use the first letter of each drug name to memorize the drugs. The first letter of each drug can form a word that is easy for the nursing students to remember.
Memorize the names of drugs
It will be a waste of time to try to remember an abundance of drug names at one time. The brain is not capable of retaining such a massive amount of information. It is a better idea to study and memorize a maximum of three drugs at once before studying and memorizing another set of drugs.
Use audio assistance
Students should use a recorder in class help with studying drug information. It may ever be a good idea for individuals to record themselves reading information about drugs and pronounce the names correctly.
Make flashcards with visual cues
Flash cards are great tools that students can use to memorize information related to drugs. Students can also create visual representations on the flashcards that help them associate certain drugs with the parts of the body in which they correspond. Students should make sure that the flashcard and visual cues are easy to remember, and that they have some value to them.
Group drugs that are similar
Grouping drugs into classes may make them easier to remember. Try to learn all of the similarities about the drugs in the group so it is only necessary to learn the exceptions to the rules.
Study as much as needed
It takes a great deal of studying information about drugs to do well in pharmacology courses. Make sure that there is time set aside for breaks so that the studying can be effective. One to two hours of studying at a time is approximately how long nursing students should study before taking a break.
Pharmacology is very important to the success of nurses. In addition to the wealth of information that nurses need to know to help their patients, they must also know the effects of all types of drugs on the human body so that they can provide the best care possible for each of their patients.
Another no-brainer way to get D, which many experts say is the safest, is taking a supplement. "It can be very difficult to get ample D from sun exposure alone," says Morrison, who notes the standard recommendation on D is about 400 international units (IU). However, he normally recommends around 1000 IU daily for those who aren't at risk or have any health conditions related to low D - then it could go up to even 5000 IU. And, because vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, it's better absorbed by the body when taken along with a fat-based food, such as yogurt or a salad with olive oil dressing.
Bottom line: Go to your doctor to get a blood test to know where your levels stand. Then, ask her to recommend a daily supplement amount to be sure you get all the D you need. Finally, don't be afraid to let the sun shine in - just a little bit.
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Dosage and Calculations in Nursing School Hard?
Are dosage and calculations difficult? I totally stink at math….that is one reason I picked nursing because I figured at least there will be no math…lol well there is a little bit of math in nursing school but it is basic math like adding, subtracting, dividing, and multiplying. No stupid algebra (hate that stuff). At first, it took me a couple of days to grasp the whole dosage and calculations stuff but after I kept practicing and practicing the questions it started to click and now D&C problems are my favorite thing on a test because I know I will at least get these questions right lol. So no they aren’t difficult…if you don’t get them at first I suggest you practice and practice them and I swear they will eventually click. If you have problems with them I suggest searching the web for free practice questions. Check out my last post on Dosage and Calcuation Problems..
How Many Hours Do I Work Clinicals?
Do I choose how many hours a day I do at clinicals? When I first started clinicals in nursing school, I didn’t get to pick how many hour I pulled at clinicals a day. My assigned professor picked how many hours my group pulled daily. I think every semester you have to get in so many clinical hours so it is up to your professor how many hours you pull a day. One time one of my professors let us vote on how many hours we wanted to do a day. I have had to pull hours ranging from 8, 10, or 12 hours a day for clinicals. However, since I’m in my last semester of nursing school I am on my own and I get to make my own schedule. I pull 12 hours per day because I think it is easier that way and I get more hours faster. Plus that is what I’m going to be doing after I graduate so I figure I better get use to it.
Kim, I hope I answered all of your questions. If you ever have any more questions don’t hesitate to ask. Good luck with your nursing career. I think you will like nursing because there is so much you can do as a nurse. You are not just limited as being a bedside nurse. Until next time,
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Dosage and Calculations for Nurses | What is Dosage and Calculations?
An important nursing class nursing students take in nursing school is a course called Dosage and Calculations. One of the many duties that nurses perform each day is administering medications to patients. Nurses must know the exact dosage to give to patients, and they must also know how to calculate the appropriate dosage or calculate a specific dosage from a prescription.
2% of those admitted into hospitals receive the wrong dosage of medicine. Although these situations usually do not cause a great deal of harm, these types of errors have the potential to be fatal. Errors in medication dosage and calculation occur so nurses must make the best use of their Dosage and Calculation course in nursing school.
What is Dosage and Calculations?
Dosage and Calculations is a class that nursing students must take as a part of their nursing program. There are some nursing programs that offer dosage and calculation as a part of all other nursing courses. Nurses must use calculations to determine the dosage that a patient receives from a general dosage. They also use calculations to administer prescribed dosages when those dosages are different from what is available.
Nurses must know how to calculate dosages in order to help their patients since this skill in vital to successful nursing careers. Nurses must have excellent mathematical skills in order to calculate their patient’s dosages of medicine. Knowing the proper method in which to calculate dosages can mean the difference between life and death for a patient.
How Nurses Use Dosage and Calculations on the Job
Nurses and nursing students must know how to solve dosage and calculation problems to determine the exact amount of medication. Dosage and calculation can be used for many things; including prescriptions, flow rate set up, and syringe draw up of medications. The dosage calculation is used to determine the amount of medication needed to administer medications. Nursing students need to learn dosage and calculation in order to pass the nursing licensing examination known as the NCLEX-RN.
Nurses use the patient’s weight to calculate the precise dosage of medication needed. Dosages are often given in milligrams and milliliters depending on the type of medication administered. For example, a certain number of milligrams of medication are administered for a certain number of kilograms of the patient’s body weight.
Nurses can calculate the needed dosage for a patient by multiplying the patient’s weight by the general dosage. If a patient’s weight 30 kg and the general dosage is 25 mg/kg, the nurse administers the patient 750 mg (30kg x 25 mg/kg).
Some nursing student have problems with understanding dosage and calculation problems. Math is not a favorite subject among students, especially nursing students. The key to being successful with dosage and calculation problems is to practice them over and over.
A great study guide to help nursing students with solving dosage and calculation problem is a book called ” Dosage Calculation Practices for Nurses” by Bonita E. Broyles. Here is what it looks like:
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Tips on How to Study for Dosage and Calculations Tests in Nursing School
Use a recorder in class. It is always beneficial to have the notes available to study for the exams. It is also a good idea to listen to the recorded notes before all exams in case some notes were lefts off while taking notes during the lecture.
Use online resources. There is an abundance of information available to study for nursing exams. Dosage and calculation can be broken down for nursing students so that the problems are easier to understand.
Brush up on basic math skills. Nurses use their math skills to determine dosages. It is a good idea to get additional practice in percentages, ratios, proportions, and decimals. It is also a good idea to revisit metric system conversion for calculating dosages.
Ask questions during the lecture. If there are any questions about how to calculate a dosage while the professor is lecturing, ask questions so that the information is clear before leaving the class.
Get involved with a good study group. Find a small group of people who have excellent mathematical skills to form a study group. Make sure that all members of the study group are dependable.
Form a good relationship with the professor. Talk to the professor during and after class and make an office visit every now and again. Building a relationship with the professor may come in handy during the course.
Compare notes with a classmate. It is very easy to miss important notes while listening to the lecture. It is a good idea to have a few people to turn to make sure that accurate notes are available to study. It may be a good idea to exchange telephone numbers with a few people in the class.
Proper dosage and calculation is essential in the nursing profession. Administering the wrong dosage of medication to a patient can have a negative impact of the outcome of the patient’s condition. Nurses must make sure that their mathematical skills are exceptional to prevent any unexpected issues from occurring while caring for their patient