What is Pathophysiology?
The area of pathophysiology refers to the scientific study of disease or abnormal processes. Any ailment of the body that disturbs its normal physiological processes is the study of pathophysiology. The process involves looking for specific malfunctions that cause or come from disease. Nurses use pathophysiology every time they come in contact with a patient. Nurses must have an exceptional level of skill in this area since what is considered a healthy function or structure in one patient may not necessarily be considered healthy in another patient.
Nursing students take a pathophysiology course in college to prepare them to identify these abnormalities. Courses are available from accredited colleges or universities, and students can take this course completely online or on campus. The course consists of cases studies, visual aids, assessment scales, simulations, tests, and other tools.
The main objectives of pathophysiology courses are as follows:
•Use critical thinking to understand the pathophysiologic principles for nursing
•Analyze and explain the effects of diseases processes at the systemic and cellular levels
•Discuss the various variables that affect the healing of the organ and tissue systems
•Analyze the environmental risks of the progression and development of certain diseases
•Explain how compensatory mechanisms respond to physiologic alterations
•Compare and contrast the effects of culture, ethics, and genetics have on disease progression, treatment, health promotion, and disease prevention.
•Critique diagnostic testing and determine its relationship to signs and symptoms