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  • +4

    Age-Related Macular Degeneration

    Age-Related Macular Degeneration
    h4. What is age-related macular degeneration? Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease associated with aging that gradually destroys sharp, central vision. Central vision is needed for seeing objects clearly and for common daily tasks such as reading and driving. AMD affects the macula, the part of the eye that allows you to see fine detail. AMD causes no pain. In ...
    Rated: +4
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    Chemical Sensitivity

    Some people report that they react to chemicals in their environments and that these allergy-like reactions seem to result from exposure to a wide variety of synthetic and natural substances. Such substances can include those found in # Paints # Carpeting # Plastics # Perfumes # Cigarette smoke # Plants Although the symptoms may resemble those of allergies, sensitivity to chemicals ...
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    Colon Cancer Treatments

    Colon Cancer Treatments
    h4. Estimated new cases and deaths from colon cancer in the United States in 2007 New cases: 112,340. Deaths (colon and rectal cancers combined): 52,180. Note: Some citations in the text of this section are followed by a level of evidence. The PDQ editorial boards use a formal ranking system to help the reader judge the strength of evidence linked to ...
    Rated: +1
  • +3

    Adrenal Gland Disorders

    Adrenal Gland Disorders
    h4. What are the adrenal glands? The adrenal glands are the part of the body responsible for releasing three different classes of hormones. These hormones control many important functions in the body, such as: * Maintaining metabolic processes, such as managing blood sugar levels and regulating inflammation * Regulating the balance of salt and water * Controlling the "fight or flight" ...
    Rated: +3
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    Genes and Populations

    Genes and Populations
    After decades of research, scientists have identified all of the genetic “letters” that spell out the “words” of our genes. This library of genes—called the human genetic code, or the human genome—is the complete set of instructions for creating you or me. But scientists’ ability to read the human genetic code is only a beginning. It will be many more years ...
    Rated: +1
  • +12

    A Simple Guide to MRSA

    h4. About MRSA Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus is the full name for MRSA (sometimes referred to as the 'superbug'). It belongs to the Staphylococcus aureus family of germs. Staphylococcus aureus is a very common cause of bacterial infections such as boils, carbuncles, infected wounds, deep abscesses and bloodstream infection (or bacteraemia). It was first described in the 1880s when doctors realised ...
    Rated: +12
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    Treatment Methods for Kidney Failure: Hemodialysis

    Treatment Methods for Kidney Failure: Hemodialysis
    Hemodialysis is the most common method used to treat advanced and permanent kidney failure. Since the 1960s, when hemodialysis first became a practical treatment for kidney failure, we’ve learned much about how to make hemodialysis treatments more effective and minimize side effects. In recent years, more compact and simpler dialysis machines have made home dialysis increasingly attractive. But even with better ...
    Rated: +11
  • +3

    Rett Syndrome

    Rett Syndrome
    An important part of the mission of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is to understand all stages of development throughout the lifespan - from birth and childhood, through adolescence and adulthood, and into old age. One of the key ...
    Rated: +3
  • +10

    Aging Under the Microscope: Posing Questions, Finding Answers

    Aging Under the Microscope: Posing Questions, Finding Answers
    In 1965, a lawyer made an unusual deal with one of his older clients, Jeanne Calment of Arles, France. In exchange for ownership of her apartment, he agreed to pay her a monthly pension for the rest of her life. Because Mme. Calment was 90 years old at the time, it seemed likely that the lawyer would only have to make ...
    Rated: +10
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    Genetic Mapping

    Genetic Mapping
    h4. What is genetic mapping? Developing new and better tools to make gene hunts faster, cheaper and practical for any scientist was a primary goal of the Human Genome Project (HGP). One of these tools is genetic mapping, the first step in isolating a gene. Genetic mapping - also called linkage mapping - can offer firm evidence that a disease transmitted ...
    Rated: +2
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    Treatment of HIV Infection

    h4. Treatment of HIV Infection In the early 1980s when the epidemic began, AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency disease) patients were not likely to live longer than a few years. With the development of safe and effective drugs, however, people infected with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) now have longer and healthier lives. The discovery and development of new therapeutic strategies against HIV is ...
    Rated: +1
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    HIV Infection and AIDS: An Overview

    h4. INTRODUCTION AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) was first reported in the United States in 1981 and has since become a major worldwide epidemic. AIDS is caused by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). By killing or damaging cells of the body's immune system, HIV progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers. People diagnosed with AIDS may get life-threatening diseases ...
    Rated: +1
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    Alzheimer's Disease Statistics

    h4. Health care use h4. Hospice care # Number of current patients with Alzheimer's as primary diagnosis: 7,900 # Percent of current patients with Alzheimer's as primary diagnosis: 7.5 _Source: 2000 National Home and Hospice Care Survey, table 12_ h4. Nursing home care # Number of residents with Alzheimer's: 231,900 # Percent of residents with Alzheimer's: 14 # Average length of ...
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    Multi-Infarct Dementia Fact Sheet

    h4. Introduction Serious forgetfulness, mood swings, and other behavioral changes are not a normal part of aging. They may be caused by poor diet, lack of sleep, or too many medicines, for example. Feelings of loneliness, boredom, or depression also can cause forgetfulness. These problems are serious and should be treated. Often they can be reversed. Sometimes, however, mental changes are ...
    Rated: +2
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    Alzheimer's Disease Genetics Fact Sheet

    Alzheimer's Disease Genetics Fact Sheet
    h4. Introduction Scientists do not yet fully understand what causes Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the more they learn about AD, the more they become aware of the important function genes* play in the development of this devastating disease. h4. Genes All living things are made up of basic units called cells, which are so tiny that you can only see them ...
    Rated: +1
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    The Life and Death of a Neuron

    The Life and Death of a Neuron
    h4. Introduction Until recently, most neuroscientists thought we were born with all the neurons we were ever going to have. As children we might produce some new neurons to help build the pathways - called neural circuits - that act as information highways between different areas of the brain. But scientists believed that once a neural circuit was in place, adding ...
    Rated: +1
  • +4

    Alzheimer's Disease and Aluminum

    h4. Question: I have heard that aluminum may be involved in the development of Alzheimer's Disease. Does use of aluminum cookware and drinking from aluminum beverage cans place me at greater risk for developing this disease. Answer: Aluminum is one of the most abundant elements found in the environment. Therefore, human exposure to this metal is common and unavoidable. However, intake ...
    Rated: +4
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    Alzheimer's Disease Medications Fact Sheet

    Five prescription drugs currently are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat people who have been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Treating the symptoms of AD can provide patients with comfort, dignity, and independence for a longer period of time and can encourage and assist their caregivers as well. It is important to understand that none of these ...
    Rated: +1
  • +4

    Alzheimer's Disease Fact Sheet

    Alzheimer's Disease Fact Sheet
    Introduction Dementia is a brain disorder that seriously affects a person’s ability to carry out daily activities. The most common form of dementia among older people is Alzheimer’s disease (AD), which initially involves the parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language. Although scientists are learning more every day, right now they still do not know what causes AD, ...
    Rated: +4
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    Allergy Glossary

    _allergen_: substance that causes an allergic reaction _allergenic_: describes a substance which produces an allergic reaction _antibody_:molecule tailor-made by the immune system to lock onto and destroy specific germs _basophils_:white blood cells that contribute to inflammatory reactions _conjunctivitis_: inflammation of the lining of the eyelid, causing red-rimmed, swollen eyes, and crusting of the eyelids _genes_: units of genetic material that carry ...
    Rated: +1
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